Arno Tausch (with Chr. Bischof & K. Mueller)
Muslim Calvinism
Internal security and the Lisbon Process in Europe


European Diversity Series
16,5 x 24 cm
248 pag.
€ 26,50
ISBN 978 90 5170 995 7
NUR 740

This book systematically evaluates the freely available data, contained in international open sources, such as the European Social Survey, on the problems of Islam, migration, the shadow economy, internal security, and social policy in Europe in the framework of international trends. This book is the attempt to try to present an interpretation pattern for the complex reality of poverty; social exclusion, religious and societal values, and day to day contact of different population groups in Europe with the law.

Inward migration is a very considerable factor of economic growth in the world system. In the long run, the recipient countries enormously benefit. On the other hand, income inequality is being “transferred” from the poor to the rich countries.

Pushing the frontiers of knowledge about Europe’s Muslim communities, the mainstream of Europe’s islamophobic decision makers are being asked in this book in terms of their alternatives for continued Muslim migration to a quickly aging Europe. In 2004, Europe’s natural population increase was just 400.000 children, while the population increase due to immigration was 1 900 000 human beings. Europe is thus bound to have a more active and long-term positive immigration policy. It would be simply unworkable to leave the neighboring contiguous regions of the Middle East and North Africa out in the “dark”, and to exclude the human potential of countries like Turkey because of short-sighted and unfounded Islamophobia.

It turns out that Europe’s Muslim population, already today, is already more Euro-enthusiastic than their non-Muslim counterparts. The generally optimistic results of this quantitative study are in line with recent very sophisticated and advanced quantitative research results, especially by authors from the neo-liberal school of thinking, who maintain that instead of engaging in a culturalist discourse about the general “disadvantages” of Islam, Europe rather should talk about economic-growth-enhancing migration, property rights, discrimination against minorities on the labor markets, and that by and large, Islam is well compatible with democracy and economic growth.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: The european social survey data, AND internal security in europe (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Chapter 2: Towards empirically defining sectoral integration surpluses and integration deficits (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Chapter 3: Europe’s inward migration, patterns of labor market discrimination, EU-25 wide poverty rates, and the detrimental efects of state intervention (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Chapter 4: Developing the theory: Migration, the “Muslim factor” and THE european and global Lisbon Process (Arno Tausch)

[Looking back on earlier research and developing a research design for understanding the “global Lisbon process”, social cohesion and long-term economic growth on a world scale]

Chapter 5: Developing the theory: The empirical results about the European and global Lisbon Process; Minority social inclusion and internal security (Arno Tausch)

Chapter 6: Empirical analysis: A factor analysis of European Social Survey data – general populations and European Muslims (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Chapter 7: Empirical analysis: Patterns of national disintegration, crIminality and the religious factor in Europe – myths and reality on the basis of the trade-off between poverty and integration surplusses/deficits (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Chapter 8: Empirical analysis: a multiple regression analysis of integration surpluses and integration gaps (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Chapter 9: On the relevance of barro/Mc CLEARY on religion – results of our multiple regression analyses of key data of the entire european muslim and non-muslim population (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Chapter 10: A multi-cultural European union and European muslim civic culture (Arno Tausch, with Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Appendix (Arno Tausch; Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller)

Error margins and sample size
The basic results for internal security in Europe
The Lisbon process and the UNDP Human Development Index
The number of cases (“Fallzahl”)
1. Joined ESS1 and ESS2 on “satisfied with democracy”
2. Joined ESS1 and ESS2 on “income”

Sources and Bibliography (Arno Tausch)

Subject Index

Person and authorship Index

'The idea that Muslims are unique because of their beliefs and pose a threat to European values and aspirations is thoroughly debunked. Professor Tausch should be congratulated for bringing systematic analysis to bear on a public discourse driven by the big event, jingoist media, a nervous public, and opportunistic politicians.'

Indra de Soysa (PhD)
Dept. of Sociology and Political Science Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
N-7491 Trondheim, Norway


« Un livre très clair, très riche faisant état des discriminations et des mauvaises conditions de vie de la communauté musulmane en Europe ce qui ne favoriserait pas l’intégration et la cohésion sociale.

Ce livre, qui attire l’attention des gouvernements, est recommandé aussi pour le large public. »

HAFFAD Tahar, Enseignant-chercheur, Laboratoire d'Etudes des Economies Maghrébines, Université de Batna, Algérie.

'The book provides a fascinating profile of the Muslim communities of Europe,
based on a wide array of social science data, and investigates the problem
of their social, economic, and political integration in Europe. The authors
see the state of Muslim integration in Europe as a kind of litmus issue for
the success or failure of the development of the European Union and its
Lisbon Strategy. By examining deficits in the integration of one of Europe’s
minorities, they can point to deficits in the current development of the
European project. Broadly speaking, that is a deficit in the development of
a social Europe. Similar to a recent study by the Bertelsmann Stiftung, the
book argues that it is a mistake to treat relations with Muslim communities
as nothing but a police and security problem, leading to Islamophobia, and
emphasize the importance of the social and economic dimensions. In line with
the Theory of Justice by Rawls, Muslim Calvinism by Tausch and associates
takes the view that the society of Europe cannot be a just society if it
fails to do justice to one of its disadvantaged minorities.'

Gernot Köhler
Professor emeritus, Sheridan College, Oakville, Canada